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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 131-137

Gravin and survivin gene expression levels as possible therapeutic targets for acute myeloid leukemia in adult Egyptian patients

1 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hadeer A Abbassy
34, Ahmed Yehia Street, Zezenia, Alexandria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejh.ejh_11_17

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Background Despite the recent progress in diagnosis and management, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) still remains a fatal hematologic malignancy, which invites the need for accurate predictors of clinical outcome. Objective The aim of the present study was to explore the possible prognostic importance of gravin and survivin gene expression in adult patients with de-novo AML by correlating their expression levels with response to induction therapy, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). Patients and methods This study was conducted on 105 patients with de-novo AML, and 45 age-matched and sex-matched patients were selected as a control group. RNA isolation from bone marrow aspirates or peripheral blood and cDNA preparation followed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR were done to assess expression of gravin and survivin. Results Gravin expression was markedly downregulated whereas survivin gene showed an overexpression in AML cases. There was a significant association between gravin and survivin expression levels with poor clinical outcome. OS and DFS were significantly lower in patients with low gravin and high survivin expression levels. Conclusion Survivin overexpression and gravin downregulation were significantly associated with adverse clinical outcome and tendency to chemoresistance in AML. The degree of their expression derangement has been found to be correlated with a lower complete remission rate and shorter OS and disease-DFS which renders them as future candidates for target through adjuvant immunotherapy.

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