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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 198-205

Influence of splenectomy on CXCL8 and T lymphocyte subsets in children with β-thalassemia major: single center Egyptian study

1 Pediatrics Departments, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
2 Internal Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
3 Clinical Pathology, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Sarah A Hamam
10 Dar Elsalam Street from Omar Ben Abdel Aziz Street, Tanta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejh.ejh_29_18

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Background After splenectomy, the immune system is modified; there are numerous quantitative and functional defects involving T and B lymphocytes and blood anomalies of serum level of cytokines. The present study aimed to evaluate immuneinflammatory status interactions with thalassemia pathogenesis, especially after splenectomy, which can provide new modalities for the management of the disease and its complications. Patients and methods The present study was conducted on 40 children with β-thalassemia major under follow-up at the Hematology Unit, Pediatric Department, Tanta University. There were 24 (60%) male and 16 (40%) female patients; they were blood transfusion dependent and underwent splenectomy for more than 6 months. Their ages ranged from 6 to 17 years. Besides, 40 healthy children served as the control group. All children included in the study were subjected to complete blood count, iron profile, T-cell subsets including CD3, CD4, and CD8 and serum interleukin (IL)-8 levels. Results There were significantly higher IL8, CD3, CD4, and CD8 and significantly lower CD4/CD8 ratio in patients than controls. There were significantly higher IL8, CD3, CD4, CD8, serum ferritin and iron levels and significantly lower total iron binding capacity (TIBC) level after splenectomy than before. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between serum ferritin and the immunological markers. Conclusion and recommendations Children with β-thalassemia major had significant abnormalities of the serum levels of CD3, CD4, CD8, and IL8 before and after splenectomy. These changes were associated with increased tendency to infections. Hence, evaluation of serum levels of IL8, CD4, and CD8 may be a useful tool and can help to provide new modalities for management.

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